Ngorongoro Conservation Area
- The jewel in Ngorongoro’s crown is a deep, volcanic crater, the largest un flooded and unbroken caldera in the world. About 20kms across, 600 meters deep and 300 sq. kms in area, the Ngorongoro Crater is a breathtaking natural wonder.
- The Ngorongoro Crater is one of Africa’s most famous sites and is said to have the highest concentration of wildlife in Africa.
- The Crater has achieved world renown, attracting an ever-increasing number of visitors each year. You are unlikely to escape other vehicles here, but you are guaranteed great wildlife viewing in a genuinely mind-blowing environment. There is nowhere else in Africa quite like Ngorongoro!
- The Ngorongoro Crater is the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera. Forming a spectacular bowl of about 265 square kilometers, with sides up to 600 meters deep; it is home to approximately 30,000 animals at any one time. The Crater rim is over 2,200 meters high and experiences its own climate. From this high vantage point it is possible to make out the tiny shapes of animals making their way around the crater floor far below. Swathes of cloud hang around the rocky rim most days of the year and it’s one of the few places in Tanzania where it can get chilly at night.
- The crater floor consists of a number of different habitats that include grassland, swamps, forests and Lake Makat (Maasai for ‘salt’) – a central soda lake filled by the Munge River. All these various environments attract wildlife to drink, wallow, graze, hide or climb. Although animals are free to move in and out of this contained environment, the rich volcanic soil, lush forests and spring source lakes on the crater floor (combined with fairly steep crater sides) tend to incline both grazers and predators to remain throughout the year.
- Part of the reason behind the Ngorongoro Conservation Area has been to preserve the environment for the Maasai people who were diverted from the Serengeti Plains. Essentially nomadic people, they build temporary villages in circular homesteads called bomas.
- The endangered Black Rhino, Black mane Lions of the crater, Buffalo, Spotted Hyena, Elephants, Hippos, and one of the great sighting of Gray crowned heron.
- Game viewing, walking safari, Excursion to Oldupai gorge and shifting sand.
- Visit to the maasai village
- It’s a perfect excursion for travellers who would like to explore more of the crater highlands and possibly to encounter maasai people going about their daily lives.
- From the Maasai village of Nainokanoka at the base of the crater, you hike with a ranger from Ngorongoro conservation area authority for about an hour to the top of the 10165foot (3099m)
- located about an hour from where the eastern ascent and decent begins.
- The 1000foot (3000M) decent to the floor of the Empakaai crater takes less than an hour to hike and it’s amazing .Maasai are often encountered on the drive as well as on the hike in and out of the crater. Flamingoes and a variety of other water birds are found lining the shores of LakeEmpakaai. Allow a very long day for these excursion, or camp on the rim of the crater if you can stand the cold.